The latest research suggests that the number of infertile couples is increasing and these results are related to various reasons. Keeping that in mind, we will find out the TOP 5 reasons for infertility.
Male infertility: Quality of sperm
Previously, it was believed that only the women were infertile, but modern medicine says that male infertility is more and more common, so both partners are always examined.
Male infertility is related to 30 percent of common causes of couples’ infertility. In many situations, male infertility is related to changes in sperm quantity and quality.
An infertile man’s full sperm examination (spermogram) usually shows a decrease in the amount of A-class (motile) spermatozoids or their complete absence and a predominance of B-class (slow-moving) spermatozoids, which are related to infertility. B-class sperm cells are not capable enough to fertilize an egg.
In many cases, treatment can be used to improve sperm quality.
Female infertility: Secondary infertility
A common problem is secondary infertility, which causes many surprises. To put it simply, a woman, who was pregnant once, cannot have a baby for a second time.
When it comes to the causes of secondary infertility, several aspects are important. One of the most important circumstances is the woman’s age. Even a few years after the last pregnancy can have a negative effect on a woman’s fertility.
Currently, women usually have their first child in their late 20s.Naturally, the second child’s birth is planned after the age of thirty. Women of older reproductive age have a smaller ovarian reserve. The ovaries run out of follicles that are capable of maturing an egg. The decline of the ovarian reserve starts around the age of 35. As the ovarian reserve decreases, the quality of the egg changes. As a result, the eggs are less fertilized or more embryos with incorrect genetic information are formed, which are not destined to implant in the uterus.
Female infertility: Changes in hormones
There are many different reasons for infertility but one of the most important is hormonal changes. The most common situation is the failure of the luteal phase when there is a lack of progesterone. Progesterone is the main hormone necessary for a successful pregnancy.
An inappropriate lifestyle can be the main cause of changes in progesterone levels. An inappropriate lifestyle is associated with a constant lack of sleep – sleeping less than 8 hours. Constant fatigue, when you are constantly overworked and not well rested, can also provoke a hormonal imbalance.
Improper nutrition and diets can cause hormonal changes in the body because the body begins to lack components for the production of one or other hormones. Being overweight, especially obesity significantly reduces the production of hormones in the body.
Alcohol consumption and the use of tobacco products also unbalance the hormonal system.
In the case of progesterone deficiency, oral, vaginal, or injectable progesterone therapy is prescribed. It is also recommended to practice a healthy lifestyle.
Female infertility: Pathology of the uterus
In this way, the pathology of the implantation window and endometrium can be a cause of infertility. A fertilized egg should always be implemented in the uterus. A specific period of time during which implantation is possible is called the implantation window. The uterus becomes thicker, vascularized, and secretes more secretions.
Abnormalities of the uterus include endometrial polyps, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and others.
Female and male infertility: Infections
Sexually transmitted infections (such as chlamydia or gonorrhea) can damage the fallopian tubes in a woman’s body, preventing the egg from traveling to the uterus and implanting.
For men, these infections cause inflammation and lead to changes in sperm quantity and quality.
The bottom line
However, these days infertility problems can be cured and you have more chances to get pregnant even if you and your partner have infertility problems. When you get pregnant, track your pregnancy with an HCG levels calculator. Take care of yourself, visit doctors, and practice a healthy lifestyle.