We’ve all experienced a pesky pimple popping up from nowhere. This leaves you doing all you can to treat it until it’s healed, but then you realize you’re left with a mark.
Most of the time, scars are harder to get rid of compared to pimples.
Stubborn scars usually come from severe types of acne, such as cystic acne. These are red, swollen, and painful pimples that form deep lesions in the skin. As they say, prevention is always better than cure. Here is additional info on effective treatments for cystic acne to help avoid scars from forming.
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment. There are various procedures to help improve your complexion. If you have a stubborn scar, the best treatment for you can be determined with the help of an expert.
What Are Acne Scars?
Acne scars are the results of an inflammation, which is caused by your skin’s pores getting clogged up with bacteria, excess oil, and dead skin cells. When the pore wells, it causes the follicle wall to break. And when the follicle wall breaks, infected substances will spill out around the surrounding tissue. The skin then attempts to repair the lesions by encouraging collagen production, but these repairs are usually not as flawless and smooth as it was before. Some acne scars can go away over time with mild treatments, and some acne scars are permanent. Here are some common acne scars that are hard to get rid of:
- Rolling Scars – These scars look uneven and are wave-like depression scars in the skin. They develop when fibrous bands of tissues form between the skin and subcutaneous tissue below. The pulling of the epidermis is what creates the rolling appearance.
- Raised tissue scars – Keloids and Hypertrophic scars fall in this group. They develop due to the excess collagen production in the skin. Keloids are a severe kind of raised scars as it grows larger than the original wound.
Another form of raised tissue scars is hypertrophic scars. They appear firm and grow above the skin’s surface. Hypertrophic scars commonly develop after a deep wound or trauma has occurred.
- Loss of tissue scars – Ice pick scars, atrophic macules, and depressed fibrotic scars fall under this group. They appear more sunken and look like pits or craters in the skin. Ice pick scars are one of the common scars from this group. They are narrow and deep that extends into the dermis. Ice pick scars may appear like thin and tiny deep holes in the skin surface.
Effective Ways To Completely Get Rid Of Acne Scars
Acne scars can be difficult to deal with. Mild scars have the chance to disappear completely with some home remedies and topical treatments. As for stubborn scars, help from experts may be needed. Here are effective scar removal treatments:
- Dermabrasion – One of the most common and effective acne scar removal treatment. These treatment uses a high-speed brush to exfoliate your skin and reduce the depth of scars. Dermabrasion works best with shallow boxcar or rolling scars.
- Lasers – This treatment removes the top layer of the skin and lightens the redness around healed lesions. Various laser treatments depend on the acne scar issue. But unlike other facial procedures, laser treatment has a faster recovery time.
- Punch excisions – Invasive treatment that individually excises or cut out the scar then the hole repaired with stitches.
- Chemical peels – Dermatologist apply a chemical solution to your skin to remove its outer layer and give your skin a smoother appearance. Chemical peels are strong acids, but the strength of the acid may depend on how severe the acne scar is. Redness and peeling for a few days may occur after the treatment.
Some mild chemical peels can be used at home, but for deeper acne marks, it is best to have it dealt with by a specialist. Visit your derma clinic so they can advise you on what chemical peel will work best on your acne scar.
- Fillers – Collagen, fat, and hyaluronic acid are substances dermatologists use to fill out certain acne scars. These fillers are injected into the surface of your skin to smooth out depressed scars and even out your skin. Fillers tend to be absorbed into your skin, and having this treatment done again may be required to keep your skin smooth.
- Retinoic acid – For scars like keloid scars, retinoic acid creams may be effective. These creams are applied directly to the acne scar to reduce its appearance.
- Microneedling – Dermatologists uses a handheld needle-studded roller on the surface of the acne scar to reduce the depth of these scars. The needles puncture the skin, and as it heals, collagen is then produced. Microneedling may take up to 9 months until visible results can appear. There is nothing to fear about this treatment as it is a safe treatment and works best for any skin tones.